These astounding facts and stunning truths about the one and only Norway will astound your friends and family. Norway’s fjords, mountains, and northern lights are well-known around the world.
As is the ideology of “capitalism with a conscience.”
But, aside from the obvious, how much do you know about this Nordic country?
Whether you’re prepared for a quiz night or simply want to amaze your pals with some random information, these Norwegian facts are perfect!
Here are some Norway facts you probably didn’t realize you needed to know!
– The world’s longest road tunnel is in Norway
The Lrdal Tunnel is the world’s longest, at 15 miles (24.5 kilometers). The tunnel connects the small settlements of Lrdal and Aurland and cost 1 billion Norwegian kroner (about $110 million). Its design is admired all around the world because it combines features that help drivers control their mental stress.
– The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo
Since 1901, the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony has been held in the Norwegian capital every year (with a few exceptions). In Stockholm, Sweden, the Nobel Prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine are given out.
This is thanks to the wishes of Alfred Nobel, a Swedish chemist who left his fortune to establish the awards after his death.
The Nobel Peace Center, which is located between City Hall and the Aker Brygge development, documents the award’s remarkable history and frequently hosts a special exhibition on the current bearer of the prize.
– The world’s most remote island is a Norwegian territory
However, you might be surprised to hear that it isn’t in the north! It is, in fact, on the other side of the globe. Bouvet Island, located in the South Atlantic Ocean and administered by Norway since 1929, is the world’s most distant island.
In the 1970s, Norway designated the 49-square-kilometer island and its territorial seas as a natural reserve. Despite the fact that no one lives on the island, the Norwegian government maintains a (unmanned) meteorological station.
This implies that checking the weather in Norway, or anywhere else in the world for that matter, is simple. The island of Bouvet is inaccessible due to its distant location and lack of an airport.
The land border between Norway and Russia is 120 miles long, despite the fact that there is only one road crossing. On the Norway side of the border, a new tunnel and bridge opened in September 2017, reducing travel time for those crossing the border.
That, by the way, is something that a lot of people do. Norwegians cross over to buy cheaper gasoline for their cars, while Russians cross across to shop in Kirkenes for higher-quality products. The border is largely defined by a river, which runs through dense forest for the bulk of its length.
The boundary is marked by distinctive posts that are bright yellow on the Norwegian side and red-green striped on the Russian side. If you’re hiking in these lonely places, it’s crucial to pay attention because even a few steps to encircle the poles is forbidden.
– Kirkenes is farther east than all of Finland
The little Arctic village is actually as far east as Cairo.Do you have any doubts? Look at a map!
Kirkenes, located barely 9 miles (15 kilometers) from the Russian border, is one of Norway’s most socially intriguing cities. There is a strong Russian impact due to its proximity to the border. You’ll notice bilingual street signs and a slew of establishments promoting special specials and promotions aimed particularly at Russian tourists.
Because of the large number of non-natives that visit the town, English is widely spoken.
– Income and wealth of all residents is on public record
Three data are gathered from everyone’s annual tax in Norway: annual income, income tax paid, and total wealth. Yes, this is true! Prior to 2013, anyone could access and search this information.
However, this has subsequently changed, and now a person may see who has searched up their personal information. The idea behind this strategy is that tax evasion becomes significantly more difficult.
The accessible nature of this data is also one of the reasons why Norwegian media find it so easy to compile annual lists of Norway’s wealthiest people and biggest taxpayers.
– Modern and ancient skiing were invented in Norway
Sondre Norheim is credited with inventing modern skiing. He began utilizing firm ski bindings in the late 1800s so he could swing and jump with less risk of falling.
His innovative ski design, the Telemark ski, paved the way for today’s skis. However, skiing has a far longer history.
People used a sort of skis to go around in the Norwegian highlands as long as 4,000 years ago, according to an old rock sculpture at Rdy in northern Norway.
Finnmark is home to the world’s oldest preserved ski, dating back 2,300 years.
– Europe’s biggest herd of wild reindeer lives here
Hardangervidda, Europe’s largest alpine plateau, is where the herd roams. The National Park is made up of vast plateaus, lush valleys, towering mountains, distant glaciers, waterfalls, and stunning fjords.
There are roughly 25,000 wild reindeer in the winter, with up to 7,000 found on Hardangervidda.
For years, wild reindeer roamed freely across Norway, but intense hunting drove them into the hilly parts of south-central Norway in the late eighteenth century..
– Norway has a volcano!
Norway’s sole active volcano, Jan Mayen, is situated in the Norwegian Sea. But don’t worry: it’s nowhere near Norway’s biggest cities, and it won’t touch the country’s mainland if it erupts.
It’s halfway between Norway and Greenland, north of Iceland, and the government considers it administratively part of Svalbard.
Despite the fact that no permanent residents live near the 7,306-foot (2,227-meter) Beerenberg volcano, researchers and even cruise ships often visit the island.
– Norway isn’t called Norway!
Norway is the name given to the country in English.The Norwegian term for the country is Norge. In the lesser-used Norwegian language of nynorsk, the spelling is Noreg. The official name of the country is the Kingdom of Norway.
This is written in Norwegian as Kongeriket Norge, or Kongeriket Noreg in nynorsk.
Meanwhile, in Norway, the Norwegian language is referred to as norsk..
– Oslo is Norway’s most diverse city
190,000 of Oslo’s 648,000 residents were born to immigrants or are immigrants themselves. This amounts to approximately 30% of the city’s population, compared to around 15% in the country as a whole.
Pakistanis make up Oslo’s largest ethnic group, followed by immigrants from Sweden, Somalia, and Poland. In the Norwegian TV youth drama Skam, one of the many growing subjects was the diversity of Oslo.
It gained a global following thanks to unofficial YouTube translations. Oslo was Europe’s fastest expanding metropolis in percentage terms for many years, but that growth has slowed.
For the first time in recent years, more individuals moved out of Oslo than came in during the first half of 2017.
– Norway isn’t powered by oil
Norway’s oil and gas industry has fueled the economy, but it does not provide electricity to the country’s houses. Hydroelectric power plants provide around 98 percent of Norway’s domestic power.
Despite being ranked ninth in the world for the percentage of domestic power derived from renewable sources, Norway generates more electricity than the eight countries ranked above it combined!
While the Norwegian government claims that the country will be carbon neutral by 2030, this only accounts for domestic emissions, not the significantly greater quantity associated with oil and gas exports.
The government has also tightened building energy efficiency regulations and encouraged businesses and homes to use wood and other forms of biomass instead of fossil fuels for heat and power.